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Location: Asia, Europe and the African continent, an area so close to each other in the Republic of Turkey in the east Georgia, Armenia, Nakhichevan and Iran in the west, Bulgaria and Greece in the south with Syria and Iraq are neighbors. Geographic coordinates: 36 ° 00'-42 ° 00 'North latitude and 26 ° 00'-45 ° 00' East Longitude Map references: South West Asia Area: 814,578 km ² (3% of its area located in part of the continent of Europe are the Asian territories.) Boundaries: total: 2.627 km Border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 331 km, Syria 822 km Coastline: 7.200 km Climate: climate in Turkey are the main three: Mediterranean climate, the Black Sea climate and terrestrial climate. Terrain: high in Turkey as a country in the surface shapes vary considerably. A lot of them to each other parallel rows extending in the mountains, alone, or a linear array showing the extinct volcano, upper and volcanic lava, or their former lake belongs to the sedimentary rocks are covered with and in the valley split plateau, plains, valleys or along the river mouth, expand the base of alluvial plains that diversity main are added. This diversity, the country's living conditions significantly affect economic activity. Sea level Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m highest point: Mount Ararat 5.166 m Natural resources: iron, copper, lead, coal, boron, to Civ, chromium, uranium and other minerals. Irrigated land: 36.740 sq km (1993 est.) Natural hazards: earthquakes, floods. Population Information: Population: 67,803,927 (22.10.2000 est.) Population growth rate (annual): 1.828% (2000 est.) Infant mortality rate: 39.4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2002 estimates) Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.5 years male: 66.2 years women: 70.9 years (2002 estimates) The average number of children: 2.46 infant / female (2002 estimates) HIV / AIDS cases (total): 1325 people (2001 estimates) International: Turkey Religions: Muslim 99.8%, other 0.2% (Christian, Jewish, other) Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek Literacy rate: 15 years and over data total population: 87.5% male: 95.3% women: 79.9% (2002 estimates) Management: Country name: Official name: Republic of Turkey short name: Turkey Government type: Republic Capital: Ankara Administrative divisions: 81 provinces of Adana, Adıyaman, Afyon, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Çanakkale, Çankırı, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Edirne, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, İçel, İğdir, Isparta, İstanbul, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karabük, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kütahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanliurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak, Düzce Independence: October 29, 1923 National holiday: Independence Day, 29 October (1923) Constitution: November 7, 1982 Member of the international organizations and institutions: AsDB, AG (Australia Group), BIS (International Bank for Reconstruction), BSEC (Black Sea Economic Cooperation), CCC (Customs Cooperation Council), CE (European Council), CERN (observer), EAPC (European - Atlantic Partnership Council), EBRD (European Bank for Investment and Development), ECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe), ECO (Economic Cooperation Organization), ESCAP (Asia and Pacific Economic and Social Commission), EU (candidate), FAO (Agriculture and Food Organization), IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), ICC (International Chamber of Commerce), ICFTU (International Free Trade Unions Konfederastonu), ICRM (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement), IDA (International Development Association), IDB (Islamic Development Bank), IEA (International Energy Agency), IFAD (International Agricultural Development Fund), IFC (International Finance Corporation), IFRCS (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Federation) , IHO (International Hydrography Organization), ILO (International Labor Organization), IMF (International Monetary Fund), IMO (International Maritime Organization), Inmarsat (International Maritime Satellite Organization), Intelsat (International Telecommunications Satellite Organization), Interpol (International Police Organization), IOC (International Olympic Committee), IOM (observer), ISO (International Standards Organization), ITU (International Telecommunication Union), NATO (North Atlantic Asemblesi), NEA (Nuclear Energy Board), NSG, OAS (observer), OECD (Economic Cooperation and Development Organization), OIC, OPCW (Chemical Weapons Ban the Organization), OSCE (European Security and Cooperation Organization), PCA (Permanent Court of Arbitration), UN (United Nations), UNCTAD (United Nations Trade and Development Conference) , UNESCO (Education-Scientific and Cultural Organization), UNHCR (UN High Commissioner for Refugees), UNIDO (Industrial Development Organization), UNIKOM (UN Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission), UNMIBH (UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina), UNMIK (UN Interim Administration in Kosovo ), UNOMIG (United Nations Observation Mission in Georgia), UNRWA (the UN Commission for Palestine Refugees Help), UNTAET (UN Transitional Administration in East Timor), UPU (Universal Postal Union), WEU (Western European Council), WFTU (World Federation of Trade Unions), WHO (World Health Organization), WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization), WMO (World Meteorological Organization), WToO (World Tourism Organization), WTrO (World Trade Organization). Economic Indicators: Fert GDP per capita: purchasing power parity According to 6012 U.S. dollars (2001 est.) Individuals per $ 2123 GDP (2001 est.) GDP - growth rate: 7.8% (2002) GDP - Sectoral growth rates: agriculture 6.5%, industry 11%, services 5.7% (2002) GDP - Sectoral distribution: agriculture: 22.2% industry: 18.8% services: 59.0% (1999) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 39% (2000 est.) Labor force: 23 million (2000 est.) Unemployment rate: 5.6% (2000 est.) Industries: Textiles, food, automobile, mining, steel, petroleum, construction, paper Industrial production growth rate: 6.2% (2000 est.) Electricity production: 125.3 billion kWh (2000 est.) Electricity consumption: 119.5 billion kWh (2000 est.) Electricity exports: 350 million kWh (2000 est.) Electricity imports: 3.35 billion kWh (2000 est.) Agriculture products: tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beet, legumes, citrus fruits, livestock Export 26.9 billion (2000 est.) Commodities: apparel goods 25.6%, food 15.4%, textiles 12.3%, 8.6% for metal products, transport equipment 8.1% (1998) Export partners: Germany 18.7%, U.S. 11.4%, UK 7.4%, Italy 6.3%, France 6.0% (2000 est.) Imports: $ 55.7 billion (2000 est.) Import commodities: machinery 28.3%, chemical products 15.2%, 14.5% semifinished products, fuel 11%, transport equipment 9.5% (1999) Import partners: Germany 13.1%, Italy 7.9%, U.S. 7.2%, Russia 7.0%, France 6.6%, UK 5.0% (2000 est.) Amount of foreign debt: 109 billion (2000 est.) Currency: Turkish Lira (TRL) Currency code: TRL Fiscal year: calendar year Contact Used phone lines: 19.5 million (1999) Phone code: 90 Radio broadcast stations: AM 16, FM 72, shortwave 6 (1998) Radios: 11.3 million (1997) Television broadcast stations: 635 (in 1995) Televisions: 20.9 million (1997) Internet country code:. Tr Internet service providers: 22 (2000) Internet users: 2 million (2000) Transportation Railways: 8.607 km (1999) Highways: 382.059 km (1999 est.) Waterways: 1,200 km (approx.) Pipelines: crude oil 1.738 km, 2.321 km of petroleum products, natural gas 708 km Ports and harbors: Gemlik, Hopa, Iskenderun, Istanbul, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), İçel (Mersin), Samsun, Trabzon Airports: 121 (2000 est.) Helicopter fields: 2 (2000 est.)

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